Winner, Gifted Children, 192-
Although gifted children grow up in families who set high standards, just how directive the families are seems related to the kind of gift the child has. Families of children in performance domains like music and athletics are the most directive, families of children in visual arts are the least directive, and families of academically gifted children are in between….
To achieve in a performance domain, one must submit to rigorous and early training. On their own, even highly gifted children might be unlikely to stick to such a grueling regimen, despite their rage to master…Families of visually artistic children are probably the least directive because of the low value our culture places on becoming an artist. Or perhaps they share personality characteristics with their relatively nondisciplined artistic children. Families who are very involved when their children are young, like the families of musicians and athletes, face the challenge of letting go and granting independence later on.